CESOP: redefining EU taxation

In the ever-evolving landscape of the European Union (EU), combating VAT fraud is a top priority. The EU is taking a significant stride forward in this battle with the adoption of a legislative package on 18 February 2020. This package introduces the Central Electronic System of Payment Information (CESOP), which aims to revolutionize the exchange of information concerning cross-border payments and their beneficiaries.

Let’s take a look at this groundbreaking development, its necessity, and the crucial role it plays in tackling e-commerce VAT fraud.


At the heart of this legislative package is the establishment of the Central Electronic System of Payment Information (CESOP), a dynamic solution designed to bolster the fight against VAT fraud within the EU.

With VAT fraud proving to be a significant challenge, particularly in the realm of e-commerce, the need for an innovative approach is more pressing than ever.

The need for enhanced measures

VAT fraud is a persistent thorn in the side of EU tax authorities. It’s a problem that has gained momentum in the world of e-commerce, where fraudulent sellers exploit cross-border transactions to circumvent VAT obligations. This practice leads to substantial revenue losses for EU Member States.

To address this issue effectively, the EU recognizes the need to establish a robust framework that allows for the systematic monitoring and analysis of cross-border payment data.

The role of CESOP

CESOP is regarded as a significant initiative in the EU’s efforts to combat VAT fraud. It takes the form of a centralized European database that aggregates and cross-checks information sourced from payment service providers operating within the EU.

The responsibility of monitoring beneficiaries receiving more than 25 cross-border payments per quarter and transmitting pertinent data to the respective Member State’s administration falls on these providers. The information accumulated in CESOP becomes accessible to anti-fraud experts via Eurofisc, a specialized network dedicated to eradicating fiscal malfeasance.

Data protection measures

The EU recognizes that privacy is paramount, even in the fight against VAT fraud. The legislative package that paves the way for CESOP implementation ensures that data protection regulations are strictly adhered to.

Only data directly associated with payments tied to economic activities will be transmitted to tax authorities. Personal consumer information and detailed payment specifics are expressly excluded from this process, thereby upholding privacy and compliance with data protection norms.

Implementation process

A seamless implementation process is pivotal for this ambitious legislative package to reach its full potential. The European Commission collaborates extensively with the tax administrations of Member States and payment service providers through an expert group. This expert group is instrumental in the successful rollout of the legislative package.

Their tasks include developing the necessary reporting obligations for payment service providers, contributing to the development and maintenance of CESOP, collaborating with technical experts from Member States to establish the technical requirements of CESOP, and actively participating in the drafting of guidelines for reporting obligations.

The implementation of CESOP is a meticulously planned process, and it’s essential to stick to the timeline. The transmission of data must start on 1 January 2024, marking a significant milestone in the fight against VAT fraud.

The role of the CESOP expert group

The CESOP expert group is an integral part of this groundbreaking initiative. As of 24 May 2023, the European Commission has opened the door to renew the membership of this group, highlighting its crucial role in the fight against VAT fraud.

Their mission includes providing expertise to the Commission in developing, operating, and maintaining CESOP. They help define the business requirements and necessary capabilities for CESOP’s effective performance.

The group offers insights and support regarding the exchange of information between payment service providers, thus contributing to the development of the electronic standard form for the transmission of payment data. They also assist in the creation of guidelines for the reporting obligation.


The establishment of CESOP represents a substantial leap forward in the EU’s ongoing battle against VAT fraud. By centralizing and making payment data accessible to tax authorities, this system significantly bolsters their capacity to unearth potential fraudulent activities in cross-border transactions.

This transparent and privacy-conscious approach ensures that individuals’ privacy rights are protected throughout the process. As implementation progresses, collaboration among stakeholders remains pivotal, reinforcing the EU’s commitment to combat VAT fraud and safeguard revenue streams.


Is the Central Electronic System of Payment Information (CESOP) applicable only to e-commerce companies?

No, while CESOP plays a vital role in combating VAT fraud in the e-commerce sector, it applies to all businesses making cross-border payments within the European Union (EU).

How is data privacy protected in the CESOP system?

CESOP strictly adheres to data protection regulations. Only information directly linked to payments associated with economic activities is transmitted to tax authorities. Personal consumer data and payment details are excluded, ensuring privacy and compliance with data protection norms.

What happens if a business fails to comply with the reporting obligations under CESOP?

Failure to comply with reporting obligations can result in penalties and legal consequences, as it is essential for the EU’s efforts to combat VAT fraud.

How often does CESOP require businesses to report cross-border payments?

CESOP mandates that businesses report cross-border payments on a quarterly basis, specifically for those who make 25 or more such payments.

Can businesses outside the EU also utilize CESOP for reporting cross-border payments?

No, CESOP is designed to facilitate information exchange among EU Member States and their respective tax authorities. It does not apply to businesses operating outside the EU.

What benefits can businesses expect from CESOP in terms of VAT fraud prevention?

CESOP enhances VAT fraud detection by centralizing payment data, enabling tax authorities to uncover potential fraudulent activities in cross-border transactions. This can help protect businesses from unintentional involvement in fraudulent schemes.

Disclaimer: This article provides general information, which may or may not be correct, complete or current at the time of reading. No recipients of content from this site should act on the basis of content of the article without seeking appropriate legal advice or other professional counselling.

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